About Electric Vehicles
|EPR_ EV_consumer guide_2019.pdf|
Direct Benefits and Availability
Electrifying transportation offers numerous benefits for customers and communities: Improved sustainability, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, increased energy efficiency, energy security and lower vehicle operating costs.
There are many benefits of owning a plug-in electric vehicle:
- Environmental – Fully electric vehicles produce no tailpipe emissions. Hybrid electric vehicles have no emissions when running in electric mode. EV batteries don’t use lead or acid, therefore avoiding the harmful environmental impact of disposing of these toxic materials. EVs also reduce noise pollution as they run much quieter than gasoline-powered cars. The rechargeable battery means you can charge up with clean renewable energy source.
- Cost & Convenience – Plug-in electric vehicles are up to 70% cheaper per mile to operate and can be charged at home, overnight. EV drivers also frequently enjoy access to preferred parking, HOV lane, toll discounts and more.
- Charging – According to the U.S. Department of Energy, an e-gallon (the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline) costs on average about half as much to drive an electric vehicle..
What is your average mileage? Calculate your yearly savings with different EV models with ChargeHub.
- Maintenance -
Battery electric vehicles run solely on electricity. They store power in batteries that are re-charged by plugging in. These vehicles have no tailpipe and emit zero greenhouse gases when driven. They often have longer electric driving ranges than plug-in hybrids.
Has an electric motor and internal combustion engine that automatically takes over when the electric charge runs out. Optimum for drivers who travel long distances frequently and are concerned about the range of a plug-in electric vehicle meeting their needs.
Myth vs. Fact
|1) EVs don't have enough range. You'll be stranded when you run out of electricity.||1) Americans drive an average of 40 miles per day, according to the U.S. Department of Transportation. Battery electric vehicles (BEV) have a range of at least double that with newer models offering more than 200 miles per charge. Vehicles can be charged at any ordinary electrical outlet (120V) or publicly accessible station with a faster charger. Alternatively, a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) goes at least 300 miles on a combination of electricity and gasoline.|
|2) There aren't enough charging stations.||2) Most charging can be done at home or even the workplace, so concern about availability of public charging is specific to actual needs, such as distance driving or inability to charge otherwise. Public stations can be easily located with mobile apps and New York State projections indicate there will be 10,000 public charging stations in place by 2021.|
|3) EVs take too long to charge.||3) The most convenient place and time to charge is at home while you sleep. Even using the slowest 120-volt outlet, the car can be left to charge overnight, producing about 40 miles of range. Most new BEVs and PHEVs will charge from 240-volt outlets providing double or triple the charge in the same amount of time. Charging stations that reduce charging time even more are beginning to appear.|
|4) Plug-ins are too expensive for market penetration.||4) There are various tax credits and incentives for buying electric vehicles. The purchase and lifetime operating costs of an EV is on par with or less than gas-powered equivalents.|
|5) Batteries on EVs have to be replaced.||5) According to Union of Concerned Scientists, like the engines in conventional vehicles, the advanced batteries in EVs are designed for a long life but will wear out eventually. Currently, most manufacturers are offering 8-year/100,000-mile warranties for their batteries.|
|6) There are not many electric vehicle models currently on the market.||6) There are many types of all-electric and hybrid options on the market. For a list of current and future full electric cars with pricing, click here.|
What's Driving EVs
The growth of electric vehicles has largely been driven by government policy, financial incentives reducing the cost of purchase of EVs, tightened fuel-economy standards and regulations on the emission of local pollutants and low- and zero-emission vehicle mandates.
New York state has set forth some of the boldest clean energy policies in the nation with the goal of reducing carbon emissions and addressing climate change. In order to meet the state’s clean energy goals, the transportation sector must be part of the solution -- the transportation sector produces the highest emissions in New York. Approximately one-third of total emissions in New York are from gasoline and diesel-powered vehicles. Electrifying transportation offers the benefits of reduced greenhouse gas emissions, plus additional benefits for customers and communities such as increased energy efficiency, improved sustainability, energy security and lower vehicle operating costs.
New York State is Striving for 800,000 Vehicles by 2025
Central Hudson's Role
In the United States
|According to the Edison Electric Institute and Institute for Electric Innovation, by 2030, U.S. electric vehicle sales will exceed 1 million per year.|
|More than 18 million passenger EVs will be on the road by 2030.|
|In order for the electric vehicle market to develop, millions of charging stations will be needed to support market growth.|
|More than 20 auto and motorcylce manufacturers offer all electric and hybrid options.|
Zero Emmission Vehicles (ZEV) Program
The Zero Emmission Vehicles Program's objective is to ensure that automakers research, develop, and market electric vehicles which generate fewer global warming emissions than gas-powered cars. The ZEV program assigns each automaker “ZEV credits.” Automakers are required to maintain ZEV credits equal to a set percentage of non-electric sales.
New York's ZEV standards require manufacturers to deliver ZEVs including:
- Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
- Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCV)
- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)
- Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV)
- Conventional vehicles with extremely low emissions
ZEVs provide an emission reduction benefit due to the absence of tailpipe emissions, while PHEV, HEV and low emission conventional vehicles enable the development and implementation of ZEV technologies. New York's greenhouse gas (GHG) standards are designed to reduce mobile source GHG emmissions including carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and motor vehicle air conditioning refrigerants.
ZEV and ZEV-enabling technologies are important to achieving and maintaining the long-term air quality of New York. Vehicles equipped with these technologies emit less smog forming and GHG pollutants than conventional vehicles, while providing similar performance, utility, and safety attributes. In addition to emission reduction benefits, ZEVs, PHEVs, and HEVs save consumers money through reduced operating expenses over the life of the vehicle, primarily through reduced fuel use.